Polizeifachhochschule Fürstenfeldbruck

Starting Point
One of the most comprehensive and lengthiest refurbishment projects in Upper Bavaria is definitely that of the former monastery Fuerstenfeld. The original building substance had been extended to include additional buildings in the 1950s. Today the monastery houses a Police Academy. Adjacent to the monastery church, there are two elaborate cloisters with several wings, grouped around two courtyards. The still existing but extremely neglected and partly undocumented substance shows opulent stuccowork of every Baroque style, as well as frescoes by Hans Georg Asam and his sons the Asam brothers. Hild und K Architects were asked to conduct extensive refurbishment and modernisation of the monastery during everyday teaching hours. Besides overall structural challenges while altering and extending, the architects face the task of implementing modern technical standards and making them structurally compatible. The delicate balance between what bears witness to the building’s biography and the regenerative forces makes this project particularly exhilarating and special.

Accommodation Facilities
During lecture time, the students of the Police Academy are accommodated in approximately 200 bedrooms, which are spread over the whole area and come equipped with two to six beds. The rooms are in bad need of repair, the number of beds per room is to be reduced and the existing furniture is to be replaced. The existing rooms differ according to where they are located as regards characteristics and size, so they are initially subdivided depending whether they are situated in the old or annexed buildings into room types to be able to create a solid foundation on which to base the refurbishment. The rooms are gutted and some are divided anew. After renovating the room shell, the rooms are equipped with inbuilt furniture customised for each room type. The rooms are restructured and the furniture is grouped to create work and sleeping areas as well as individual quiet areas.

Provisional Lecture Rooms
To ensure lectures can take place during the construction period, a provisional seminar building was required in the autumn of 2010. The budget for this provisional annex was limited. A simple timber frame construction was used to create three modular rooms of 8 by 10 metres with sufficient space for 36 students each. The wooden cladding requested by the building contractor was designed by Hild und K Architekten and establishes a relationship to the surrounding buildings using simple means. The “container” is wrapped in an ornate façade of larch lamellae, which recreate elements in the façade of the monastery. Around the window openings, the lamellae are placed closer together, forming an abstract of the monastery’s Baroque window surrounds.

Elector Hall (Churfürstensaal)
Before 1894, this hall which extends over two stories in the western wing, was destroyed when a suspended wooden ceiling was drawn across the hall and corridor walls and rooms were build on both floors. During the refurbishment of this hall, which was completed in 2010, the partition walls and the 45cm thick reinforced concrete ceiling were pulled down. The stucco decorations (by Giovanni Nicolò Perti) and the frescos (by Georg Asam) were saved and restored, some of the damage to the paintings created during the previous reconstruction, however, still remain visible. To accommodate today’s utilisation of the hall as an event venue, a number of technical and constructional functionalities had to be integrated into the historical setting. In this context, a chandelier was designed, which meets all modern technical requirements, yet blends in perfectly with its Baroque surroundings.

The rooms in the eastern wing, which after the refurbishment now house the library of the Police Academy, constitute a constructional counterpart to the Elector Hall. Here too, the former open space had been split into two storeys and is decorated with elaborate stuccowork. In this wing, however, the suspended ceiling is to remain. The second floor was refurbished to offer space for lecture rooms and the attic now houses the new library. A load-bearing middle wall was stripped down to its pillars to obtain one cohesive space. The library is structured by floor to ceiling bookshelves, which are to the most part lined up behind the pillars. The furniture designed for this project, takes up on the furnishing of the bedrooms both as regards material and their modular structure. Here, too, laminated white wood-based boards were used with multiplex fronts and brass applications. Reminiscent of the buildings history is the moveable blind on the inside of the library windows. The textile was delicately printed with an old photograph of Baroque atlases which once “carried” the round arches in their strong arms.

Construction of Judo Hall
Part of the schooling at the Police Academy consists of comprehensive training in self-defence. The Academy is planning the construction of a hall to practice Judo. In order not to influence the exterior of the building ensemble and to ensure a clear access route for fire and rescue services, the hall is to be built in the courtyard surrounded on four sides by the annex created in the 50ties. This new building restructures the interior area and keeping the old trees in place creates two courtyards. In part the hall uses the existing technical infrastructure of the square building. The root system of the trees is protected by a Vierendeel construction, which bears the weight close to the sidewalls of the existing building.